April 13 – Two English Martyrs

April 10, 2023

Blessed John Lockwood

Priest and martyr, born about 1555; died at York, 13 April, 1642. He was the eldest son of Christopher Lockwood, of Sowerby, Yorkshire, by Clare, eldest daughter of Christopher Lascelles, of Sowerby and Brackenborough Castle, Yorkshire. With the second son, Francis, he arrived at Reims on 4 November, 1579, and was at once sent to Douai to study philosophy. Francis was ordained in 1587, but John entered the English College, Rome, on 4 October, 1595, was ordained priest on 26 January, 1597, and sent on the mission, 20 April, 1598. After suffering imprisonment he was banished in 1610, but returned, and was again taken and condemned to death, but reprieved. He was finally captured at Wood End, Gatenby, the residence of Bridget Gatenby, and executed with Edmund Catherick.

GILLOW, Bibl. Dict. Eng. Cath., s. v.; CHALLONER, Memoirs of Missionary Priests, II, No. 168; KNOX, Diaries of the English College, Douay (London, 1878), 157; FOSTER, Visitation of Yorkshire (London, privately printed, 1875), 61, 549; Catholic Record Society’s Publications (London, privately printed, 1905, etc.), V, 384.

John B. Wainewright (Catholic Encyclopedia)

His death sentence, which was to be hung, drawn and quartered.


Blessed Edmund Catherick

Priest and martyr, born probably in Lancashire about 1605; executed at York, 13 April, 1642. He was descended from the old family of Catherick of Carlton and Stanwick, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, known for its loyalty to the Faith. Educated at Douai College, he was ordained in the same institution, and about 1635 went out to the English mission where he began his seven years’ ministry which closed with his death. During this time he was known under the alias Huddleston, which was probably his mother’s maiden name.

Apprehended in the North Riding, near Watlas, Catherick was brought by pursuivants before Justice Dodsworth, a connection by marriage — possibly an uncle. Gillow states (IV, 310) that it was through admissions made to Dodsworth, under the guise of friendship, that Catherick was convicted. He was arraigned at York and condemned to death together with Father John Lockwood. The execution was stayed by the king for a short time, but he finally signed the warrant and it was carried out during his presence at The Manor in York. Catherick and Lockwood were dragged through the streets of York on a hurdle to the place of execution and hanged, drawn, and quartered. Catherick’s head was placed on Micklegate Bar, and what fragments remained, after the hangman’s butchery, were buried at Toft Green. The “body” is now at St. Gregory’s Monastery, Downside, and the skull, said to have been found at Hazlewood Castle, was carefully examined by Lingard in 1845.

Gillow, Bibl. Dict. Eng. Cath., I, 432; Challoner, Memoirs, II; De Marsys, Hist. de la persécution presente des cath., III.

E.F. SAXTON (Catholic Encyclopedia)

[They were beatified 15 December, 1929, by Pope Pius XI.]


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